On Operation Polo, 17th Sep 1948

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            The Asaf Jah Dynasty ruled for 7 generations over Deccan from a period of about 224 years. This was a period of peace and tranquility with secularism as its essential form of governance and Ganga JamnaTahzeeb. The wounds of 17th September military attack are still deep and fresh. It is not a liberation day but the day of genocide, the implications of which can be felt even today. On 17 Sep 1948 when Indian Army invaded Hyderabad State the same day Nizam VII surrendered his army. The aftermath of the Police Action (Military Invasion) known as “Operation Polo” by the Indian Army on Hyderabad State in September 1948 the Government of India sent a fact finding Committee called “The Pandit Sunder Lal Committee” consisting of  PanditSunderlal, Qazi Abdul Ghaffar, MaulanaAdullaMisri  which were on a goodwill mission to Hyderabad in November and December 1948. After completing their mission they gave a detailed report to the Central Government.  The common man was massacred by the Indian Army in the Hyderabad State which Sunder Lal Committee speaks. The name  ‘Operation Polo’ which is also known in the history as Police Action  was a Military invasion.

We regret that 71 years have passed  the Pandit Sunder Lal report is not tabled in the Parliament yet and we request it to be declassified and brought to public domain.

Referring to 17th September as the Liberation day is not only incorrect but also palimsesting the history. Liberation means liberating from foreign yoke or from foreign rulers. The Nizam was not a foreigner. Hence the question of liberation did not arise. It is equally incorrect to say that the monarchial rule of Nizam came to an end and ushered in democracy. There was no participation of the people and much less of politicians. On 17th September at 5 pm H.E.H.Sir Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan Nizam VII first time visited Radio Deccan and addressed the people that he had ordered the surrender of Hyderabad army and invited Indian army to inter Hyderabad city. However, the physical surrender of Hyderabad army took place at 4 pm on 18 September. Curfew was clamped in Hyderabad city on 17 September therefore there is no question of people’s participation much less inviting invading Indian army. It is not out of place to mention that the Centre Government chided, Agent General of India in Hyderabad for his over action and asked him neither to organize any rally nor to receive Indian army at the outskirts of Hyderabad. It was only military show and civilians should not be involve.

Speaking to the nation over the All India Radio same evening, the then Prime Minister declared that the future of Hyderabad State would be declared by the people themselves, though he was convinced that future of Hyderabad lay in the closest association with India. If Hyderabad state was acceded to the Indian Union on 17th September 1948 what made Prime Minister to speak the way he did.

In a bid to assuage the feeling of unity of nations the Government of India requested the Nizam to broadcast on radio to the Islamic world about the Hyderabad States relations to the world. It was done on 23rd September 1948           ”I have no fear from the Indian Union. I know, and have always believed that the Indian Union is a secular state”.

The Hyderabad became the 562nd princely state to accede to India only on 26th  January 1950. The administration was in the name of H.E.H.Nizam. In Dec 1949 Nizam issued a sanat stating that future Constitution of India will be the Constitution of Hyderabad.

The territory of the Government of H.E.H. the Nizam was never the territory of India before 26.1.1950.

On 26 Jan 1950 Nizam injected the Indian Constitution Technical for Hyderabad and with India. He was made Rajpramukh the Present Governor with full powers and he took salary of Rs 1 per month and also did not use any Government Machinery.

24 Feb 1967: The funeralH.E.H.Nawab Sir Mir Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah Seventh Nizam of Hyderabad this was on record the largest non-religious non-political but spontaneous gathering of over one million people from all religionsfrom Deccan regionto witness the  last journey of Nizam VII on the 24th of February, 1967. The turnout of a sea of humanity on the last journey and the funeral of the seventh Nizam is unprecedented in modern history of India or anywhere else in the world. Undoubtedly the greatest Hyderabadi ever born

After 19 years of accession of the Hyderabad State on 24 Feb 1967 when Nizam VII died the Andhra Pradesh Government issued an Extraordinary Gazette and some of the extract of which are

1. “His Exalted Highness the Nizam also deeply solicitous of the welfare of the depressed classes. His Exalted Highness kept up the tradition of the house of Asaf Jah to observe absolute impartiality in matters pertaining to the religions of different communities in the Dominions. 

2. His Exalted Highness the Nizam was appointed Rajpramukh. He continued to fill this high office Reorganization of States in November 1956.

3. His Exalted Highness gave substantial contributions to variety of institutions to all creeds and communities

4. The country has lost a premier prince and oldest of the former Rulers of the Princely States.

5. State Government Offices in the State will as a mark of respect, remain closed on 25th February 1967, the day on which the funeral takes place and the Flags will be flown at half-mast on all State Government buildings throughout the State. State mourning will be observed will no public entertainment by/on behalf of Government that day”.

Still after 52 year of his death people not only in Hyderabad but all over the World  isremember him for the good things he has done in all fields of life to all human beings irrespective of any caste and religion and an example of which is the largest funeral he received. The whole region mourned his death.

Why ?

1. Why does the State need liberation from such a benevolent ruler who has never committed any criminal atrocities against his people.

2. Why no criminal case was filed against him.

3. Whywas he appointment as Rajpramukh (Governor) of the State by Central Government?

4. Why State Government issued a special Gazette on his death and flew the National Flag at half-mast.

Who are these politicians who seek to malign my grandfather’s name and belittle his immense contributions. They are maligning the name of the man who served this country and his kingdom for 37 years Irrespective of caste and religion, he has done innumerable service for which he is remembered by his people.

These fabricator rulers of our country will not have an answer to these questions. The ones who themselves use caste and religion to divide people will never understand what kind of a heart it requires to be secular and rise above religion and caste for the supreme cause of humanity.

It is disheartening that the management of our country is in the hands of such leaders who try to change facts and history according to their wishes.

In Jan 1950 the Agreement between His Excellency The Governor General of India and His Exalted Highness The Nizam of India of Hyderabad regarding moveable and immoveable Properties of Nizam is still pending and has not been fulfilled as per the said Agreement.

         The H.E.H. late  Nawab Sir Mir Osman Ali Khan Nizam VII 37 years rule 

The Government should recognize his umpteen contributions as his far sighted vision and judicious judgments transformed Hyderabad into a modern State. He worked tirelessly and always thought of providing the best modern facilities. He contributed tremendously to the development of Hyderabad even after its accession by India. He was a highly benevolent ruler.

The common man of Hyderabad in his day to day life still uses a lot of amenities and utilities of the Nizam’s reign even 71 years after handing over the state.

His rule lasted for 37 yrs. (1911 to 1948) and is considered as the best for all his subjects, irrespective of their caste, creed and religion. We remember him for his numerous contributions to mankind

H.E.H.Sir Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan Bahadur Nizam VII was given the title of Sultan-ul-Uloom (King of Knowledge). Being the most unbiased ruler he encouraged all languages, patronized scholars and learned men of all faiths and schools of thought. There was hardly any scholar in India who was not benefited by the generosity of Nizam VII. To name a few our own Dr Baba SahabAmbedkar father of Indian Constitution was also given Scholarship by H.E.H Nizam VII and awarded Doctorate by the Osmania University. Nizam was so impressed by Dr. Ambedkar that he offered him the post of Chief Justice of the Hyderabad State.

His respect for all religions is reflected in the Architecture of Osmania University Arts College Building that depicts both Hindu and Muslim culture.

Why did he donate huge amounts to Banaras Hindu University, Aligarh Muslim University and many more institutions throughout the country?

Some of his contributions to the Nation after surrendering in 1948.

In 1951 Nizam’s Charitable Trust was created with the corpus of Rs 5 Crores which is still existing and helping the poor of all caste through charities.

In 1951 the best example was he started the construction of Nizam Orthopedic Hospital and gave it to the Government on 99 years lease on monthly rent of Rs 1.

In 1965 when Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri visited Hyderabad and requested the Nizam to contribute generously to the National Defense Fund, set up in the wake of the Indo-Chinese skirmish. Without a second thought, H.E.H. Sir Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan Bahadur announced that he would contribute 5000 Kg of gold to augment the war fund. In terms of today’s gold price in the international market, this donation translates to a whopping about Rs 1,600 Crores. This shows he had lot of love and respect not only for his State but also for the Country.

His contributions are innumerable if he had thought of his own profit, the Nizam had many opportunities to find highly productive fields for investment elsewhere. However, he did everything possible for the people of his erstwhile State.

The Hindu Templesgrants and gifts

The tradition of the earlier Nizams of making grants and gifts to the Temples during the nineteenth century was continued by the Nizam VII. Persian documents at the Telangana State Archives reveal numerous grants made regularly on permanent basis to scores of temples.

The Nizam VII’s secular polices and religious tolerance towards the people is evident from grants in cash or land, he made regularly monthly or annually to the scores of Temples, within the state and to some outside the State, to meet the daily expenses of the Temple, subsistence allowance for the various persons serving in the temples, including PujariPandit etc. As listed below.

a. Sita Ram Bagh Temple in Hyderabad was granted Rs.50,000/ annually. And the PanditRambilas, the priest of Sita Ram Bagh Temple was paid monthly. But when he died, the grant was continued to his son jai Bhagwean Das and sanctioned to him Rs.20/ per month for.

b. KishanBagh Temple in Hyderabad was granted Rs. 15,000.

c. Jham Sing Temple Hyderabad was granted Rs. 10,000.

d. Yadgiri Temple in Bhogir was granted highest amount Rs 82,825.

e. Nagnath Temple in Jalna was granted Rs. 628.

f. SreeAinalwada was granted Rs.50,000.

g. SreeRamnavami Temple at Bhadrachalam was granted Rs. 29,000.

h.SreeBalaji Temple at Tirupati was granted Rs.8,000.

i. Kasinath Temple at Vololini was granted Rs. 3,129.

j. SreeBalaSahib Temple at Ambar was granted Rs. 2,305.

k.MathKhemdas was granted Rs. 10,000.

l.Math BhagwanGunj was granted Rs.4,000.

m. Math Balakdas was granted Rs. 60,000.

n.Sikhar Temple at Adilabad  was granted Rs. 60,000.

o. SreeAknath Temple at Patan was granted Rs.24,000.

p.The twin Temples at Anantgiri and Balaji in the Nanded District was given cash grant of Rs.1,390.

q. Badrachallam Temple Rs.1.900.

r. Cash grant of RS. 20,495 was made for the repairs of the AnantgiriBalaji Temple.

Several Hindu Priest, living or deceased were paid pension for subsistence, either monthly or annually.

In 1948 the land property of the value of Rs.5,45,334 was under the possession of the Hindu Temples in the form of Jagirs or Inams or free gifts. Cash payments of Rs. 69,955 was granted to the Temples by the Hyderabad Government.

My quote:

From 1911 to 1948, the 37 years of rule of my grandfather H.E.H Late Nawab Sir Mir Osman Ali Khan Bahadur Nizam VII was a golden era of development and prosperity.  

Liberation means “the action of setting someone free from imprisonment, slavery, or oppression” I would like to ask the so called celebrators of liberation, if his reign was a time of such tyranny then why , even after the accession of Hyderabad to India, was he made the Rajpramukh? If these were such despotic times, why wasn’t there any death penalty awarded in his rule? Why did a huge sea of over 1 million people attend his funeral and the government declared a state holiday? The man that lived for his masses, treated each subject without the prejudice of caste and creed and even donated 5000kg gold for the country when it was on the verge of a war a donation unmatched in the history of the country, today his memory and his legacy is being tainted by hateful political agendas that distort the truth for their own convenience. To know the truth of the events of 17th September, the Pandit Sundarlal Committee Report should be declassified made known to the public. – Najaf Ali Khan

 ( Mir Najaf Ali Khan is a grandson of the last Nizam of Hyderabad, Mir Osman Ali Khan. He manages several trusts of the last Nizam, including the Nizam’s Trust. ) Photo Credits / Najaf Ali Khan .
Disclaimer: The opinions expressed within this article are the personal opinions of the author. The facts and opinions appearing in the article do not reflect the views of  Ruralmedia and Ruralmedia  does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same.


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