Impact of Recharge of Bore Well
Abandoned Bore Well of a Marginal Farmer got rejuvenated
Intensive exploitation of groundwater through bore wells for agriculture, domestic, drinking and industrial purposes led to steep decline of groundwater levels or groundwater depletion in several parts of AP and Telangana states. In the state of Telangana, the main source of irrigation is bore wells. Due to recurring drought and competitive drilling of bore wells, the depletion of ground water has been alarming in the recent past. Drilling of new bore wells and their failure to yield adequate quantity of water is the major cause of distress among the farming community. The decline in groundwater levels is so high that it is difficult to raise groundwater levels through conventional recharge methods. A simple technique of direct bore well recharge could be a potential tool to augment ground water and ensure availability of water for irrigation. Under FSPF, NABARD has supported a pilot project on artificial recharge of 25 seasonally dried up/partially dried up bore wells in a cluster falling in drought prone area of Bheemdevarapally and Husnabad mandals of Karimnagar district. The successful experience of marginal farmer is presented below:
Mr. Adam is a marginal farmer in Katkoor village of Bheemdeverapally mandal of Karimnagar district. He has 1.5 acre land. He used to cultivate crops using water from bore well. However due to competitive drilling of bore wells in the adjoining area and recurring drought the bore well was totally dried up in the year 2015. He left his land fallow during the year 2015. After testing his bore well for its suitability to take up artificial recharge, NABARD provided financial assistance under FSPF. SAHAYA, NGO facilitated the work under the guidance of DDM, Karimnagar.
The total cost of artificial recharge of bore well unit was Rs. 35000. With artificial recharge, the dried up bore well got rejuvenated and started functioning.
He has taken up Paddy cultivation during Kharif and Maize during rabi season. The yield of Paddy was 45 Qtl and the gross income was Rs. 67500. The yield of Maize was 25 Qtl giving the gross income of Rs. 32500/-. The net return to Mr. Adam in the year 2016-17 is Rs. 38000/- after meeting all the expenses. Water is available in the bore well even after cultivating two crops. He is thankful to NABARD for supporting the innovative bore well recharge technique.
–– Dr R.Ravi Babu